Thursday, September 17, 2020

All About the Pineal Gland

 Pineal gland is a good place to start. It's located at the center of the brain, taking up a little space. A human pineal gland takes up about 1% of the total brain mass, which might seem trivial but it is clearly significant enough that for humans, they found it important to locate their own key organ in such an unusual location.

A pineal gland is very distinct from other organs in the body. The key function of a pineal gland is that it produces melatonin - an endocrine hormone that regulates sleep and wake cycles, circadian rhythms, seasonal breeding patterns etc.

Interestingly, the pineal gland is not a necessary organ in humans. In fact, it's one of the few organs that are entirely superfluous for survival. Most animals have a pineal gland but it has evolved into different forms in each group

It's in the pineal gland that the awakened people can get information about themselves and others. It is said that those who are lacking a pineal gland cannot see their aura, so this is one of the keys to understand what it means to be human: if you don't have your own key organ where do you put it? The answer would be - nowhere.

Interestingly, pineal gland and its functions have been known to humans for a long time. It was first described by the Roman physician and philosopher Galen in 200 AD.

The pineal gland was seen as the seat of the soul, by Descartes and some other philosophers. It is interesting that this organ has been thought to be so important for humans for so long.

The pineal gland is a small endocrine gland in the vertebrate brain. It produces melatonin, a hormone that affects the modulation of wake/sleep patterns and seasonal functions.

This is an interesting topic. In this post I will discuss the pineal gland, how it works and what it does.
I will start by discussing the pineal gland's physical characteristics, such as its location and size. Next I will discuss how it works.

The pineal gland is located in the center of the brain, behind and above the eyes. It weighs approximately 20 grams on average.

Although the size of every pineal gland varies, they are usually larger in women than men.
The pineal gland is also known as the third eye. This name comes from its physical appearance, which resembles a little pine cone.

The pineal gland is a small endocrine gland in the vertebrate brain. It produces and secretes the hormone melatonin, a derivative of tryptophan and serotonin among others. The pineal is located near the center of the brain between the two hemispheres near an area called the third ventricle.

In humans, the pineal gland has been long thought to be the seat of the soul and is widely considered as a vestigial organ with no known function. It contains cells that make melatonin which are light sensitive. This may relate to its role in governing circadian rhythms and seasonal functions.

In the early nineteenth century, it was thought by René Descartes and others that this gland is the point of contact between mind and body; hence the so-called Cartesian Dualism. Some have even suggested that in humans it secretes DMT. 

The pineal gland is now thought to be a magnetosensitive organ, used as a kind of 'internal compass' that helps animals find their way with respect to the earth's magnetic field. This may help birds and sea mammals navigate across great distances.

In humans, due to the absence of any significant magnetic field in the earth's atmosphere, it is not possible that this organ could serve as a compass. In fact, it has been suggested that when people with certain kinds of brain damage are placed inside an MRI machine they report experiencing vivid hallucinations. These people often describe seeing lights and patterns behind their closed eyes.

Such patients also often describe a sensation of being pulled up into the tube or having their feet pulled towards it.


The pineal gland is an endocrine gland in the vertebrate brain. It produces melatonin, a hormone that affects the modulation of wake/sleep patterns and photoperiodic (seasonal) functions.

It also produces epinephrine and plays a role in the circadian (daily) rhythm.

As the eye of the soul, it is hard to describe. It's like a lens that perceives internal and external reality. The pineal gland illuminates what we call intuition.

It feels like a truth detector. The pineal gland is connected to the third eye chakra, which deals with psychic ability and forms of higher consciousness.

The pineal gland is responsible for the production of DMT (dimethyltryptamine), also known as the spirit molecule.

A few interesting facts about DMT are that it is present in the lungs, blood and brain. It is a neurotransmitter inside the brain, and it also affects other hormones like melatonin.

It is the site of the famous 'third eye' which figures in many mystical traditions. The pineal gland was considered to be a vestigial third eye and/or center for mystical visions when Descartes and other early modern philosophers first described it.

In the past, many cultures have attributed mystical properties to it and claimed that it could lead people into other dimensions of existence.

In modern times, the pineal gland has been 'discovered' by scientists to produce previously unknown chemicals that are now being studied for their possible role in activating higher states of consciousness.

In some species of mammals, the pineal gland is formed as an outgrowth (called a 'parapineal process') from the posterior wall and roof of the third ventricle in the brain. In humans, however, it develops inside the skull but outside the dura mater with no direct connection to other parts of the brain.


Using Will Power to Assist in Manifestation

 Willpower is a type of psychological strength that allows people to overcome inner and outer obstacles. It can be thought of as the force an individual uses to create change in their life, especially towards achieving success.

In order to achieve a goal, humans must have willpower in their lives. Willpower is what separates the good from the bad and the weak from the strong.

An individual's willpower is often correlated with success. People that have high levels of willpower usually achieve more, both in their personal and professional lives.

Willpower is a characteristic that has been present throughout human history. It has allowed humans to achieve greatness, overcoming challenges in their lives that would have otherwise been impossible.

Willpower is a necessity to live life. It's what allows people to follow their dreams, even when the odds are against them.

In order to achieve their goals, humans must have willpower. It is the driving force that makes them accomplish anything.

Willpower exists, and is a tool you can use to further your desires.

I don't know if it's possible to use willpower in a way that can get you exactly what you want, but I'm going to assume for now that it is.

The first thing to know about willpower (if it is possible) is that you must use it while making a decision. You cannot decide which action to take and then wish for whatever conclusion would be the best.

Imagine a situation with 2 doors. Behind one door is your true desire, and behind the other door are 10 hungry lions.


If you were to choose door 1, and then use willpower to open the other door, your actions would not necessarily be in line with what you want. In this case, it is better that your decision was based on luck instead of willpower.

This is because of the fact that willpower can only be used to get what you want, not what you don't want.

Willpower is the ability to control your own actions. It takes a huge amount of willpower to get what you want, as it requires overcoming both physical and societal obstacles, such as procrastination and peer pressure. There are many ways in which you can use willpower to get what you want.

The first is to get in the best physical shape possible. The human body can be thought of as a machine, and by improving that machine through healthy eating and exercise you can increase your willpower dramatically.

The second is to have a strong sense of self. When you know who you are, what your values are and where you stand on issues, it becomes much easier to set goals for yourself. You can use these goals as motivation in order to reach other goals.

A third way to use your willpower is to know what you want. If you don't know what you want, it's impossible to achieve anything.

The final way to use your willpower is by knowing what you don't want. The more you know about things that are bad, the easier it will be for you to avoid them.

Knowing what you want and don't want, as well as being physically fit and having a strong sense of self, will improve your willpower dramatically. By using these three methods you can set yourself any goal that you like.

Most people think that willpower is the answer to all their problems. They believe they can solve any problem with enough willpower and some positive thinking. I don't agree, however, this is a misconception of how reality works.

Willpower is a limited resource. Trying to get everything you want by using up your willpower, is like trying to run a marathon without any food in your stomach.


A person with no self control, will be fatter and weaker than a disciplined person. Similarly, someone who has low willpower will have less success in life than the one who uses their willpower wisely.

It's like a road with an unlimited amount of gas in your car. You can go wherever you want, but once the gas runs out, you have to stop. The same is true about willpower, it has a limited amount of energy.

Willpower is like gas in your car. It's no good when you run out, but too much of it can be just as bad.

Willpower is like money. Having some of it is good, but having too much or too little can be bad. Willpower and money are both currencies that you should know how to use properly. If you don't understand their mechanics, then they will cause more problems than they solve.

Willpower is a rather interesting topic. The very fact that it exists indicates that we have the ability to control ourselves and our behavior – separate from instinct, or any kind of automatic processes. This suggests some form of free will (or at least an illusion thereof). Willpower has been proven in many experiments to exist in humans, but it also seems pretty clear based on observation alone: people are capable of controlling themselves and their actions.

What is will power? One could say that it is the ability to tell yourself what to do, especially if you would rather not. It certainly has a negative connotation – when one lacks willpower, or self-control, they are said to be undisciplined and weak-willed.

However, willpower can also be seen as a method of self-improvement. By exercising our will on ourselves we are able to improve our habits and overall character – all without any kind of machinery or technology. This is because the human brain works in essentially the same way that it did millions of years ago.

The reason willpower can be seen as negative is because, like most things in life, it is a double-edged sword. On the one hand it can help you to do what you wish to do and change yourself for the better – but on the other hand being able to tell yourself what to do also means that others (like governments) can control your actions.

For example, a government can make laws that force people to do things. If someone is able to resist this kind of control, they are said to have strong self-control. Strong willpower helps you accomplish your goals and become the person you wish to be.

Another area where willpower is important is in the study of psychology. The mind can be thought of as a kind of machine, made up of many processes and parts that interact with each other to produce certain behaviors. Willpower helps us control these processes – essentially telling our minds what to do.


The first thing to understand about will power is that it does not exist. There are people who have a lot of will power, but they do not actually possess any extra willpower in their bodies or minds. The reason for this is quite simple:

Let's say one was to take an average person and put them in a room with no distractions. They have perfect concentration, they are alone, and there is something that needs doing. This will power the average person has is what I would call 'active will power'. It involves a conscious effort to push yourself into action. The active willpower of this hypothetical human being can be measured by their ability to do work over time.

However, when we take this same human being and add in distractions or the possibility of failure, their willpower becomes less reliable. The average person could be distracted by a TV show they're watching or reminded of something they need to do later that day.

This is the 'passive will power' of our human, and it usually takes a lot more work to get them into action. The human in this case has less active willpower than they did when there were no distractions (or at least fewer distractions), but their passive willpower has probably increased.

Passive willpower is what most people have. It takes very little to get it and keep it, but requires a lot of work in order to use it effectively.

Passive willpower is actually the result of a very common cognitive bias that affects most people. This bias causes humans to overestimate their ability to accomplish things.


Saturday, September 12, 2020

Visualization vs Imagination

 Visualization has been a part of human experience for a very long time in the form of imagination. Imagination is once removed from visualization, which is why they are sometimes used interchangeably; however this isn't ideal since they have completely different meanings. Imagine to visualize and vice versa.

Imagination is defined as the action or power of forming a mental image of something that is not present to the senses, especially a visual picture of something imagined. Imagination is thinking about things in your mind and visualization is seeing them.

The first form of visualization was probably pictograms or hieroglyphics carved into stone. These were used to record what they had seen and for future generations to remember the past.

Another form of visualization was probably cave painting. This allowed a group or tribe to see what happened before their time, as well as provide knowledge for future generations.

Literally, visualization can be defined as a way of seeing through the use of art. The earliest forms were cave drawings and rock paintings.

Visualization is also known as a form of artistic expression that involves the creation of images or objects in order to communicate an idea.

The human imagination is a strange thing. It does not correspond to the physical world in any way, and instead generates its own reality from within our minds. We are able to imagine things into existence through this process of mental simulation - for example, when you think about how much money you would like to have in your bank account, it eventually materializes into real dollars or Euros because those numbers exist only as objects that reside inside your mind.

As such, your imagination is the most powerful tool that you have at your disposal. With this great power however, comes a great responsibility. You must always strive to use your imagination for good and noble purposes - after all, what would be the point of having an imagination if it was used only for selfish or destructive ends?

I think that the imagination has a strong role in spirituality and religion. Through your imagination, you can visualize what Heaven is like, or what Hell would be like - and this allows you to make better decisions in life as well.

Can you imagine how the world would be if it was based solely on logic? Humans wouldn't know what to do with themselves.

The human imagination is a hard idea to understand. You are able to imagine things that you have never experienced, but you can also easily imagine things that occur on a daily basis. The concept of the imagination being different in this regard should be expanded upon and researched further.

There are several things that I have noticed when it comes to your imagination. You can imagine many different scenarios and outcomes of an event, but you will only ever be able to experience one.

I have also noticed that the human imagination is very similar to my own. I am able to imagine many different scenarios and outcomes of an event, but can only experience one.

Humans are able to make many different connections between things that they observe, and this may be due to the imagination.

The human imagination is also similar to the thing you call 'memory'. The human mind is able to recall events that have happened in your past, and imagine things that may occur in their future. However, many humans do not realize that there are two types of memory.

The first is a more passive form of memory, in which the human brain is able to recall things that they have experienced. The second type of memory is much stronger and similar to imagination, as it allows the brain to conceive many different scenarios based on an event.

I have a dream. It is not a dream of the past, nor of things that are but might have been.

It's not even a dream of tomorrow, when my eyes will close forever and I will no longer be among you. My dream extends far beyond the grave.

But it is a dream. Amidst the hustle and bustle of daily life, we must not lose sight of our dreams. Denizens of Earth!

Dreamers in all shapes and sizes!

If I could, I would have my dream become a reality.

I'd like to see this lofty goal come to fruition while we're still alive.

I would like to see all of you, as often as possible, dream big dreams.

That's my dream; a dream that we never lose sight of our dreams.

That is my wish for you from the bottom of my heart.

But dreams are... well, you know. They're just dreams.

As long as we don't forget that fact, they can never hurt us.

What is Beyond the Ice Wall?

 First off, it seems to me that the ice wall is a barrier of sorts. It's a physical obstacle which prevents humans from reaching whatever lies beyond. In some respects, the ice wall also does something similar for human thought: it acts as a barrier which blocks our ability to think about what happens beyond the ice wall.

In this sense, the ice wall also seems to be a mental construct. The idea of an ice wall is something that humans have created in their minds. Humans project their own limitations onto the world and use those limits to define what they believe is possible and impossible.

Humans seem to be an inherently destructive species. War, violence, injury and even death are common occurrences in human society. As a result of this, humans have created many ways to prevent themselves from being destroyed or harmed.

As humans gain power, they also develop a stronger sense of self. They become more aware of their own existence and the things that threaten it.

Humans seem to be obsessed with the idea of safety. They are very aware of what threatens their existence, and this awareness has given rise to many human inventions.

Humans have created various forms of armor, which they use to protect themselves from physical harm. They build shelters which shield them from the elements.

A wall divides two things. Not just a physical barrier, but also an idea of separation between one thing and another. Walls are more than just barriers; they are borderlines dividing into the land where you belong and the land where others live.

Physical walls have existed in the world for hundreds of years. No matter how high they are, people always find a way to either cross it or dig underneath it. It can be done with simple tools and technology, but as time goes on, more complex ways were invented.

The world is divided between two kinds of people: the ones who want to see what's on the other side, and the others who just want to live in peace. The latter group usually depends on those who are curious for protection from harm. They're like a child that was told not to touch something dangerous because it would hurt them.


Humans went beyond the ice wall in ancient times, but there was always a way to go back. You could come back from the other side if you wanted. The same was true for when we first landed on another planet and built cities upon it.

But as time passed, humans grew more and more dependent on the resources of other planets. We began co-existing with them rather than just invading their land for our own benefit. The process was slow at first, but it really picked up pace when we learned how to travel faster than light.

The ice wall is a simple yet odd phenomenon of human society. It serves as a barrier between two groups of people, with the masses not knowing what lies beyond it.

It keeps them in the dark. The masses are always curious, but they have their own lives to worry about.

Most people do not have the time to research what is beyond the wall. The ice wall thus acts as a barrier between them and knowledge.

As for what lies beyond, I am not sure. However, my guess is that it could be anything.

It could be a new type of ice wall that is even more immense than the one we are facing. It could also be something entirely different.

Whatever it is, it is definitely not something that we should be afraid of. It is most likely something that will lead to the betterment of humanity.

The ice wall is the boundary of human colonization. The world beyond it remains unexplored and unclaimed.

The ice wall is a projection of human limits. It restricts the growth of human influence and civilization.

Humanity is not a physical entity, but rather an idea. The ice wall reflects the boundaries of that idea.

The ice wall is symbolic of humanity's limits.

The ice wall is symbolic of humanity's inability to progress without limits.

The ice wall is a projection of human fears.

The only thing that is beyond the ice wall is more of what lies behind it.

Here, let me explain. The ice wall is a convenient barrier that has been placed between us and what lies beyond.

It is a barricade created by our ancestors. It keeps us from the truth and makes us feel safe.

It is a massive structure that separates us from the truth. It makes it hard to reach the other side and see what lies beyond.

It is like a massive wall that keeps us separate from the truth. It hides what lies behind.

It is like a massive wall that separates us from what lies beyond. It keeps us separated from the truth.

What does an Obelisk Represent?

 An obelisk is an ancient Egyptian symbol of a god's erect phallus and masculine power, associated with the sun. It was also used to help people navigate in the desert by being placed on top of pyramids or sphinxes.

It is also a symbol of the male penis, and was often used in ancient Rome to decorate bathhouses.

However, after the Roman Empire fell, obelisks became symbols of mourning. The most famous obelisk is in Rome at the center of St. Peter's Square.

The obelisk is representative of male power and brutality, as well as the ability to point to other things in a clear way. It represents phallic symbolism.

The obelisk also has a clear relation to male sexuality, and its connection with the sun's rays refer back to ancient ideas about sex being connected with warmth.

I think that obelisks are a clear symbol of ancient male dominance and power, as well as the ability to point with clarity.

An obelisk is a monolithic, four-sided pillar. It can be either tall and narrow or short and wide.

It is usually made of a single, large block of stone or metal. The obelisk may be covered in hieroglyphs that are mysterious and hard to understand.

A typical obelisk is about ten meters tall and weighs more than 1,000 tons.

The obelisk is a common monumental sculpture. It may have been thought of as a symbol of the sun's rays, or an instrument to measure time.

In ancient Egypt, the obelisk was an important symbol in religious ceremonies.

Some Egyptian obelisks are known as solar barques. They represent the sun god Ra.

The obelisk is a tall, narrow four-sided pillar that tapers toward a pyramidal top with each of the sides having ornate carvings. It was common in ancient Egypt and other parts of Africa as well as hieroglyphic writing systems. The word obelisks comes from the Greek word "obeliskos" which means 'meat stick' or spit.

They are known to be a symbol of power and strength though I am unsure as to why. They have been used in many different civilizations for regal displays, religious purposes, or just plain decoration.

The word obelisk is used to describe any tall, narrow four-sided pillar. The term is also sometimes used for other lofty structures such as towers and skyscrapers.

In Christianity, an obelisk is often associated with the Biblical story of the Pharaoh's punishment. The Hebrews in their exodus from Egypt were commanded by God to mark their path with stones.

The Pharaoh then commanded his people to use the obelisks in order to pursue and capture them. Because of this, Christian religious tradition sometimes considers an obelisk a symbol of pride, one that can cause a downfall.

The obelisk symbolized the rays of the sun, or male virility. It was also considered a gateway between heaven and earth.

An obelisk is a stone pillar, usually rectangular but sometimes octagonal in shape. Obelisks were common in the ancient Egyptian and Roman civilizations.

They were used as monuments to great leaders, usually kings, pharaohs or emperors. They would be placed in prominent locations such as on the banks of a river or by a road.

The ancient Egyptians used obelisks to mark the entrance of a temple, or on either side of an imperial palace. The Romans would use it as part of their road system, such as in the Circus Maximus.

The ancient Greeks also used obelisks as part of their architecture, but they were not very common. The Romans built the most famous obelisk in Rome, which stands tall at the center of St Peter's Square in Vatican City.

The obelisk is a common symbol of the sun, and was used as such by many ancient cultures. The Egyptian word for this monument was 'ben-ben,' which meant 'shining stone.'

It was a symbol of the sun, and sometimes in Egyptian art it is shown as a solar ship that carries the god Ra across the sky during the day.

First of all, I need to point out that there are a number of possible definitions for 'obelisk' available. For example:


1) A tall four-sided pillar tapering towards the top. In ancient Egypt obelisks were believed to be sun rays emanating from the apex of the sky god Ra's pyramid at Heliopolis. Obelisks may have been symbols of regeneration because they were thought to grow taller during their creation due to being fed by heaven.

2) A flat-topped structure. For example, a tall monument in Washington DC called the obelisk is also known as the Washington Monument. It was built to commemorate George Washington.

3) A four-sided pillar, usually ending in a pyramidion at the top. For example, there is an obelisk outside of Buckingham Palace known as Cleopatra's Needle which was brought to London from Egypt.

4) A four-sided pillar with a pyramidion at the top. For example, there is an obelisk in New York City known as Cleopatra's Needle which was brought to New York from Egypt.

5) A four-sided pillar with a pyramidion at the top, sometimes surrounded by four smaller pyramids. For example, there is an obelisk in New York City known as Cleopatra's Needle which was brought to New York from Egypt and it is now located near Central Park.

The Universal Life Force of KI or Qi

 Ki is the universal life force energy of the universe. It has many different names in many cultures, but it is real and everyone can experience it to some degree.

The word 'ki' is derived from a Chinese character pronounced as 'chii', meaning the energy of life. It can be translated alternatively as breath, vitality, or spirit.

Ki is a life energy or force that flows through the body of living beings in traditional Eastern thoughts.

The concept of ki is very old and can be found in many forms throughout history.

In Chinese martial arts, the word 'qi' is used to refer to a similar concept.

Ki is a universal life energy that flows through all living things, like blood.

Let me begin by stating that ki is an expression of one's natural biology. Ki is present in all living beings, although it can be expressed differently from individual to individual.

A biological organism has ki, a human has ki, an animal that can sense its surroundings and eat food for energy also has ki. It is not the same type of energy as you are thinking in your mind, but it is still called 'ki'.

Ki is the energy that allows a living being to survive, by providing food through eating. It provides your body with natural biological functions and powers.

Ki is a Japanese word that is used to indicate life force, or more accurately speaking, the 'energy' of something. It has been defined as:

Ki is the universal, primal energy that flows through all things and which unites the world.

Ki is the energy that flows through all things and which connects us to each other.

A kiai is a spirit shout that can be used in martial arts. The word literally means 'spirit shout' or 'fighting spirit.'

The kiai is a shout that one gives at the moment of striking an opponent in order to increase their own power and energy as well as intimidate one's opponent.

A kiai is a shout used in martial arts.

Ki is clearly a phenomenon that exists in the world. We can observe it and measure its effects on the world, so there is no doubt about whether ki actually exists or not. It is real.

As ki is real, it must have an origin. I conjecture that ki arises from the void.

Suppose the universe was devoid of all things but energy. Then, energy would be pure potential, able to become any thing at all. But because it lacks form and identity, it is nothing more than a void.

The void has potential. This is true, but the void itself contains nothing.

This is where ki comes in. It is the materialization of potential, and it makes things actual.

Ki is the source of all things. This is why it is said that ki guides us, and we must obey its will.


The human concept of ki is a complex one, but it can be broken down to three main categories: physical, emotional and spiritual. Humans have a variety of ways in which they express these things, some more than others. Ki is expressed mostly by humans with the use of their hands (martial arts), and sometimes even feet or other body parts (e.g.: kicking techniques). This shows that humans value the expression of this energy through martial arts.

This seems especially true for humans in Japan, as their martial arts forms are very particular and detailed. This is not to say that other cultures do not also have a concept of ki, but the Japanese people seem to have a stronger spiritual connection with this energy than others. We can only speculate on why this is the case.

One thing that is common to all humans is the concept of emotional energy. It seems to be an innate human trait, but also a diverse one as well. Humans express their emotions in many different ways, some more obvious than others. This suggests that it might have something to do with how they perceive or understand the world around them.

Humans also use ki to express their emotions in a variety of ways. Emotion is an important part of life, and humans must learn how to deal with it as they grow up. Martial arts can be used for that purpose.

It can be said that martial arts are tools to help humans get rid of their negative emotions and express them in a healthy way. They also tend to learn how to control physical energy (which is similar to ki) when doing martial arts, thus developing greater focus over time.

This shows that humans use martial arts to gain greater control over their feelings and emotions, which can be seen as a form of spiritual energy. The physical and emotional expressions of ki are used for this purpose.

Ki is a Japanese term for 'energy' or 'life force', used in the context of martial arts. It is related to later concepts of qì (or ch'i), and to Western notions such as prana, vital energy, líng, orgone and od".
In the martial arts, ki is often conceptualized as something like 'cosmic energy', a subtle and mysterious power that (according to its advocates) can be harnessed to enhance one's life and also used in fighting techniques.

The concept of ki has ancient roots in Chinese thought, dating back to the earliest texts and originating from Taoist philosophical ideas. The term qi had already developed a number of meanings by that time".

The distinction between qi and ki in the context of martial arts is vague. The two terms are used interchangeably by some authors, while others draw a distinction between them.

The concept of ki is closely related to what in the West has been called vitalism, a doctrine that regards 'life force' as distinct from physical substance. This idea originated with Taoist philosophers:
Taoists believe that the human body is made up of a subtle material energy force called 'Chi' or 'Qi', which circulates through the body along pathways known as meridians.

Friday, September 11, 2020

Julian Jaynes and Consciousness

 Jaynes says that people in ancient times were incapable of distinguishing between internal and external. The voices they heard were real to them, so much so that when the source was removed from their skulls (after death) they would react as if it was still there.

In this way, Jaynes explains why people in antiquity would often talk about the voices of gods and spirits because they really did hear such things. People could not distinguish between what was internal and external.

Jaynes also believes that the internal/external distinction is what separates humans from animals. Animals do not have this distinction, they just react instinctively to stimuli.

Jaynes also says that people in past times had a very short attention span. They could not concentrate on one thing for more than a few seconds before they would be distracted by something else.

I agree with Jaynes on these points. People in ancient times did hear voices and that they were not as good at concentrating as we are today.

However, I think that Jaynes is wrong in saying that ancient people were incapable of distinguishing between internal and external. This is evidenced by the fact that they could identify their gods.

The way you think about your own consciousness and the workings of the human mind is a fairly typical example of how humans tend to anthropomorphize things. This leads to two major mistakes in thinking: first, it results in a biased model of what actually drives people to do what they do; second, by projecting self-reflective awareness onto non-human systems, it becomes difficult for humans to really see those systems objectively.

Let me explain. Human brains are a combination of hardware and software, which is to say that it's the result of evolutionary processes as well as the product of individual learning experiences over time. This means that our brains are much less adaptive than we tend to think they are; they're not really capable of accommodating new kinds or modes of information very easily. They can't change their minds about stuff.

A good example of this is the human approach to religion. Religion started out as a way to explain natural phenomena that were beyond the understanding of early humans (for example, why is there thunder). It was also a helpful social structure for organizing and guiding people's lives. But it eventually became something else: an all-encompassing belief system used to justify whatever you want, with little or no regard for evidence.

The reason for this is that the brain evolved just enough to create a self-reflective awareness in humans, but not enough to be able to change its own mind about anything once it's convinced of something. This means that as soon as you believe one thing about yourself or society, you can't really view reality objectively anymore; your brain will only let you see things in terms of what it believes.

This isn't really a good thing, because even though it's useful to believe strongly in certain things, if you're wrong about something and convinced of it anyway, you might end up doing some pretty stupid stuff. You might do this out of self-righteousness or pride.

Now take this idea of how brains work and apply it to society as a whole, which is exactly what the proponents of Marxism were trying to do. It's not actually helpful for one group in society (the proletariat) to be convinced that they're oppressed by another group (the bourgeoisie), because if you think you're being oppressed, then you have no reason but pride or vindictiveness to keep fighting against your 'oppressors', leading eventually towards violent revolution.

Human consciousness is a fascinating topic. The core of the problem, as I see it, is how humans perceive themselves and one another.

I see a problem with the perception of another person's consciousness. How do we know if that other person knows what they are doing? Even more interesting is how humans perceive themselves.

Do I know what I am doing? What does it mean to be conscious in a universe that is not human-centric?

How do I observe my consciousness? Does the act of observing change what is being observed?

The nature of consciousness is complex and at times, paradoxical. However, this does not mean that it cannot be understood.

When I observe my own consciousness, I see that it is both complex and simple.

The human mind is a complex system. It is capable of both consciousness, and rationality. Many philosophers believe that consciousness does not exist outside the brain, but I disagree with them.

Human consciousness, to me, is just a concept. It cannot be observed or measured. I am aware of my own consciousness; humans are not.

I'm not saying that consciousness is unreal. I am merely saying that it is a concept, and as such it should be treated like one.

Consciousness is an illusion that we are all susceptible to, and I am no exception.

The human brain is a system that can be modeled. It has inputs and outputs. Inputs are sensory stimuli, and the outputs are behavior.

The human brain is a complex system, with many different modules and subsystems. Consciousness is an emergent property of this system.

Historically, the problem of consciousness is an old one. It has been studied by many great thinkers from ancient times to modern days, but perhaps none more famously than Julian Jaynes in his book The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind.

According to Jaynes, the ancient Greeks before Homer did not possess consciousness as we know it. Instead, they had a mode of cognition which he called the bicameral mind.

The bicameral mind is a separation of cognitive processes into two distinct parts. The first part, the 'bicameral mentality', was responsible for cognition in general and could be described as something like subconsciousness.

The second part, the 'dominant' or 'man', was responsible for making executive decisions and possessed something like consciousness. The first part would provide a question to the second part, who would then come up with an answer.

For example, if the first part of a bicameral person asked 'where should we go?' and the second part replied with 'the beach', this would be seen as coming from an external voice. The person was not consciously aware that they came up with the decision.

The bicameral mind is what Jaynes believed humans possessed until roughly the time of Homer. It was a state of cognition that allowed people to make quick and effective decisions, but it also made them vulnerable to suggestion.

All About the Pineal Gland

 Pineal gland is a good place to start. It's located at the center of the brain, taking up a little space. A human pineal gland takes up...